The Typhoon ballistic missile nuclear-powered (SSBN) submarines are the largest submarines ever to be built, with a displacement of 48,000 tonnes and a length of 175 meters.The Soviet Navy deployed the Typhoon Class submarines in the 1980s.Made famous by the film Hunt for Red October the Typhoon Class submarines were developed under the name Project 941 for the Russian Akula (Shark) class.
Six of these enormous submarines were ever built at the Severodvinsk Shipyard, on the White Sea near Archangel.The construction of a seventh submarine was started but never completed.The submarine carries 20RSM-52 intercontinental, three stage solid propellant ballistic missiles, each consisting of a maximum of ten independently targetable multiple re-entry vehicles (MIRV), each with a 100 kt warhead.Propulsion is ensured by two nuclear reactors, each producing 190 MW, and two turbogear assemblies comprising steam turbine and gearbox.Due to its size, the Typhoon class submarine is one of the quiestest sea vessels in operation today.The large size of the submarine allows to minimize noise caused by water.Able to stay submerged for periods of up to 180 days in normal operating conditions the submarine is fitted with all the luxuries necessary for the crew to endure the long voyages, and is even fitted with an inside swimming pool.
Of the original six submarines built, only the first one, TK-208 Dmitry Donskoi commissioned December 12 1981 is still operational serving as a test platform for the Bulava missile.Two others, the TK-17 Arkhangelsk commissioaned November 6 1987 and TK-20 Severstal commissioned September 1989 are in reserve awaiting for modernization.The other three have been withdrawn from service as follows: TK-202 withdrawn 1995 and scrapped 2003-2005, TK-12 withdrawn 1996 and TK-13 withdrawn 1997, both waiting to be scrapped.
Length 172 m
Beam 23.3 m
Draught 11 m
displacement surfaced 23,200 tons
full load submerged 48,000 tons
nuclear water reactors 2 x 190 MW
steam turbines 2 x 50,000 hp
Turbogenerators 4 x 3,200 kW
diesel generators 2 x 800 kW
Propellers 2 x 7-blade, fixed-pitch, shrouded
full run speed Surfaced 12 knots
full run speed Submerged 25 knots
maximum diving depth 400 m
sea endurance 180 days
Missiles D-19 missile system (20 launchers and 20 RSM-52 ballistic missiles)
Torpedoes 4 x 630 mm torpedo tubes, 2 x 533 m torpedo tubes, 20 anti-submarine missiles and torpedoes
electronic equipment automated radio communication system, satellite communication and navigation system, combat control information system, navigation system Sensors surface target acquisition radar, active/passive sonar
Periscopes 2 (one for commander, one general)